Do you want to upgrade to Windows 11 but your PC does not meet the minimum requirements? You are not alone in this case. In fact, overall, the minimum system requirements of the new operating system are not necessarily unreasonable. You need a 64-bit dual-core processor clocked at 1 GHz or more (Intel, AMD or Qualcomm), 4 GB of RAM, 64 GB of storage, a motherboard that supports UEFI, and a GPU supporting DirectX 12 (with WDDM 2.0 driver).
But one criterion leaves many machines on the side of the road: the presence of a TPM 2.0 chip. The TPM, or Trusted Plateform Module, is a chip entirely dedicated to security. It takes care of the most sensitive operations, such as encryption and decryption of data on your hard drive or SSD, or even generates encryption keys when you need them. Unlike a software solution, it is a priori not possible to hack these TPM chips. The technology is not new either.
Windows 11: stop complaining, these constraints are there for your security (and to restore the image of the ecosystem)!
Microsoft has required since 2015 that PCs sold with Windows 10 include a TPM chip that enables Secure Boot and Bitlocker encryption. We also note that most AMD and Intel processors included in PCs sold with Windows 10 since 2015 have a TPM enclave. This is not always active by default and you have to go to the BIOS / UEFI settings to activate it. In some cases, an update of your BIOS / UEFI may be necessary.
In a video, repeated at the end of the article, Microsoft underlines how Windows 11 is built around increased security – making this chip totally essential. Secure Boot and Virtualization Based Security are active features by default. Microsoft adds that it wants to make Windows 11 a safe example – which is the main reason why older PCs without a TPM chip are excluded from the new operating system.
Microsoft explains: “With Windows 11, we require the presence of a TPM 2.0 chip on new installations by default. Which covers most of the computers launched in the last five years. If a machine is compromised, we can help you minimize the consequences. Windows 11 will be able to stop this kind of attack without installation or additional configuration because we use Secure Boot and Trusted Boot, which both use UEFI and TPM technologies ”.
The firm continues: “Secure Boot and Trusted Boot prevent rootkits and bootkits from modifying root boot files”. Microsoft adds that it tested Windows 11 on old computers before deciding to require the presence of a TPM 2.0 chip. But security is not everything. Microsoft adds that the performance of Windows 11 and the stability of the operating system have convinced the firm to focus on PCs less than five years old.
Microsoft does not want to drag the reputation of a company that produces an operating system that crashes all the time. However, PCs over five years old would be victims of 52% more blue screens, compared to newer PCs. The number of crashes is more limited on PCs less than five years old thanks to more modern management of driver updates. What do you think of these explanations? Are you convinced? Share your feedback in the comments!