How to check the performance and health of your hard drive or USB flash drive

If the performance and health of your hard drive, SSD or USB flash drive is important to you, you can monitor it in several ways, but also access various important information such as read and write speed, temperature , usage time, etc. In this article, we’ll show you how to check your storage media.

Performance and health of a hard drive

Have enough space available on your Hard disk, SSD or on his USB key is the number one concern of many users. But that’s not all that matters. Its reading and writing speed, temperature, usage time, etc. is other important information. In short, his health and here we will see how to check it.

How to test the performance and health of your hard drive?

Your storage media contains your important data, and any damage could put it at risk. Unfortunately, a hard drive has a finite life. Sooner or later it will end up being corrupted or damaged. You can check his health, correct his mistakes, as well as have access to several useful information.

Use the Windows CHKDSK tool to identify and correct disk errors

Windows’ Check disk (CHKDSK) tool is fairly well known. It scans your hard drive, USB stick or SD card to identify errors, bad sectors or any other problem that could lead to data loss. You can use the tool in two ways:

Using the graphical interface

The first is the simplest and goes through the graphical interface:

  • Go to the workstation
  • Right click on the disk to analyze then click Properties
  • In the “Tools” tab, click “Check”, then click Scan Drive in the dialog box that opens. Check hard drive

The analysis process will go to the end. If the tool detects anomalies, you should read the following message: “Errors have been detected on this drive. To avoid data loss, repair this drive now “. The system will automatically repair the detected errors and notify you if there are any that could not be.

Go through the command prompt

If you’re comfortable with the Command Prompt, you can take this alternate route:

  • Open the command prompt in administrator mode. In Windows 10: right click on the start menu> Command prompt (admin)
  • Type the command CHKDSK D: / F replacing the D with the partition letter of your drive

The / F parameter is used to correct the errors detected. You can also optionally complete the / R parameter which scans the disk for bad sectors and recovers readable information. This second option is recommended in case you are unable to access the reader. Feel free to check out our full article on how to repair hard drive with chkdsk.

Use an external tool to test the performance of your hard drive

We will use two free tools from the same editor for this: CrystalDiskMark and CrystalDiskInfo.

Thanks to the CrystalDiskMark software, you will be able to test the writing and reading speed of your hard disk:

If you want to have more information about your hard, you can use the CrystalDiskInfo tool:

  • Start by downloading CrystalDiskInfo from the publisher’s site. Install and open the software
  • CrystalDiskInfo automatically gives you various information about your hard drive: its state of health, temperature, rotation speed, serial number, estimated operating time in hours, etc.
  • In the lower table, you have a list showing other types of information the software collects about the selected hard drive.

So much for checking the performance and health of your hard drive. If you also have a space problem, do not hesitate to consult our 5 tips to free up space on a hard drive in Windows 10. Corrupt sound files on your system? Repair your PC using the SFC command line utility.


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