Like an old tradition, the deployment of a new mobile network is still the subject of an outcry from some citizens. The arrival of 5G was therefore accompanied by some scuffles here and there (in some countries antennas were dismantled for example), the most resistant denouncing health risks.
May the most worried be reassured, 5G smartphones are risk free. In any case, this is the conclusion drawn by the ANFR (National Agency for Radio Frequencies) following a study commissioned by Cédric O, Secretary of State in charge of Digital.
The aim of this study was to “Quantify the energy transported by electromagnetic waves and absorbed by the human body”. More simply, it was a question of whether the famous SAR (specific absorption rate) of 5G phones was harmful. Good news, in France, 5G smartphones sold on the market do not present any danger to our health.
“The first checks carried out within the framework of market surveillance show that the additional contribution of 5G is very low and only appears when the 4G and 5G antennas in the phone are co-located” can we read in the conclusion of this study.
140 smartphones analyzed by the end of the year
To carry out its study, the ANFR carried out SAR checks (trunk and limb) on 46 smartphones sold on the market, of which 13 are 5G compatible. Of these 46 models, only two do not comply with the regulations in force (SAR less than 2W / kg in the trunk and less than 4W / kg in the limbs).
These two models are the EssentielB Heyou 60 and EssentielB Heyou 4, white label smartphones (manufactured by Sourcing et Création) distributed in Boulanger stores. The first shows a trunk SAR of 2.86 W / kg and a limb SAR of 5.26 W / kg. The second has a trunk SAR of 2.54 W / kg, the member SAR barely exceeds the standard with 4.02W / kg.
Alerted by the ANFR, the manufacturer has already announced that it will correct the situation by reducing the power of the antenna (via an update) to reduce the SAR and comply with the regulations.
This study is only a first step in the monitoring process. ANFR announced that by the end of 2021, it would have controlled no less than 140 smartphones and that it would continue its study in 2022.