California State University, Fullerton physics faculty and the student researchers witnessed the space –time vibrations which are prominently known as gravitational waves from the merger of a pair of mammoth black holes, this might upshot in total deep darkness weighing as much as 49 suns which is about 3 billion light years from here.
This gravitational wave detection passed was on Jan 4th 2017, it was solely detected ever since the astronomers kept a watch on the cosmos in the year 2015. They could detect this only with the LIGO, Laser Interferometer Gravitational wave Observatory.
The previously identified of the remnant dead stars were massive than the black holes that astronomers had. The whole chapter is well described in the science journal realized on 1st June.
This third discovery of the black holes has helped the scientists to know the total number of black holes available in the space and how massive can they be. His will also help them to know more about their location in the space and how do they spin are they part of the universe and even after how often do they merge with the large black holes.
With the help of the LIGO we detected the first ever gravitational wave back in the year 2015 in the month of September as well as December, and this happened before the instant merger of the black hole with all these events coming up we happen to produce more power from the gravitational waves than it is radiated as light and by all the stars and in the observable universe at any given point of time.
Until the device of LIGO was invented any information that reached to our scientists for any understanding was solely coming from the light, said by the Tyson Littenberg, the principal inventor of the LIGO.
However now Gravitational waves are the best part of the scientist’s toolbox for understanding the very unusual and unique objects of the space which runs violent events.
According to the David Shoemaker, the physicists Massachusetts Institute of Technology who is also the spokesperson for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration, the scientists are moving towards and in the favor of finding some substantial information and they are now forming the black hole astronomy.
About 1 thousand of astronomers use the LIGO data to make analysis for further predictions, about 40 years back 1 billion of dollars were invested in this project and now all the scientists are proud that with this they are starting to fill the spectrum of black holes in the universe.
The black hole study and the gravitational waves are helping us to study in depth time and waves in the space that they weren’t able to do before the invention of the gravitational waves.
In this recent findings of the black hole about 19 times the mass of the sun and in another black hole 31 times of the total Sun’s mass, merged together in single hole becoming about 49 times of sun’s mass.
And during the last anxious moments of the black hole merger, they were shedding some extra energy which was in the form of gravitational waves in comparison with all of the stars in the observable universe.
After a real long journey of the 3 billion years which is only the quarter age of universe about 3 billion years, those waves started to waggle the LIGO’s mirror back and forth with force, and that too by a fraction of an atomic diameter 20 times in just one second.
And the pitch of the LIGO rose to about 180 cycles in one second in about a tenth of one second before cutting it off totally.
With this gravitational wave that alternately squeezes and even stretch the space in which they travel along at the rate of the light speed, the LIGO was only designed to analyze and monitor these changes by simply using lasers to track down the distance between the L shaped antenna in Hanford, Wash and even in Livingston, LA.
And after this detection the astronomers can easily say the place from where these gravitational waves initially form, this is a pretty big finding in the world of the science.
The detectors of the LIGO took about 40 years to complete it for the detection collision of neutron stars which are nothing but super dense remnants of some kind of those supernova explosions.
And for a fiery ending the scientist know that there are many such pairs that exists in abundance in the space, and the colliding black holes in the space which are literally more massive than the previous one and can now be detected very easily with the LIGO’s founder as well as the funder at the National Science Foundation mostly weren’t able to gauge that they would detect it.
The scientists believe that there is a big possibility that there are massive stars orbiting around each other and have evolved and ended up dead, blew up and then collapsed together into a black hole.
And the most wonderful thing is that either the star getting kicked out of the system during the whole happening of the stellar violence.
Or the other possibility is that the two black holes which pre existed already came together and collapsed again to form a black hole because of the gravitation and this happened in some crowded galaxy, which can be near to the center, where black holes naturally collect.
And after this third gravitational wave the astronomers say which prediction is true can be known on the basis of the data they have collected from the happenings in the space.
The LIGO observatories have given us a very unique way in which we can measure the movement of the properties of the black holes which are available in abundance in the space, and this information was completely invisible through the light which is now possible to gauge because of the LIGO.